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Effect of Fine-Grain Percent on Soil Strength Properties Improved By Biological Method

Hataf, Nader, Jamali, Reyhaneh
Geomicrobiology journal 2018 v.35 no.8 pp. 695-703
additives, calcite, civil engineering, clay, cohesion, mechanical properties, methodology, microorganisms, mixing, sand, soil sampling, soil stabilization, soil strength
In many civil engineering projects, the foundation soils do not provide the required mechanical properties and therefore, there is a need to improve the soil. Compaction, soil reinforcement, soil mixing with natural, or chemical additives are common soil stabilization methods used to improve the soil mechanical properties. The incidence of some environmental problems in traditional improvement techniques has encouraged engineers to explore new methods. Recently in this category, a new technique in geotechnical engineering called biogeotechnology is introduced to improve the mechanical properties of the soil. It is an environmentally friendly approach that uses biological methods to solve geotechnical problems. This technique uses minerals producer microorganisms. This study investigates the possibility of improving soil strength properties with microbial calcite precipitation and the effect of fine-grained percentages in this regard. In order to determine the soil strength properties, consolidated drained direct shear tests have been carried on untreated and treated soil samples. The results showed that this method is applicable to improve all soil samples (from 100% coarse-grained (i.e., sand) to 100% fine-grained (i.e., clay)). However, increasing the strength in the sand is much more enhanced than that for finer soils. It was found that a considerable increase in cohesion of treated soil can be achieved for soil samples with maximum 10% fine content.