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Microplastics in Polar Regions: The role of long range transport
- Obbard, Rachel W.
- Current opinion in environmental science & health 2018 v.1 pp. 24-29
- ice, marine ecosystems, marine environment, microplastics, seawater, sediments, Polar Regions
- Microplastics (particles <5 mm) pose a threat to the marine ecosystem that is disproportionate to their tiny size. They have been found in high numbers in sea water and sediments, and are interacting with organisms and the environment in a variety of ways. Recently their presence has been confirmed in Polar water, sediment, and sea ice. We review the recent literature on microplastic distribution and transport in marine environments, primarily in the Northern Hemisphere, summarize current understanding, identify gaps in understanding, and suggest future research priorities.