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Effective Bioactivity Retention of Low-Concentration Antibodies on HFBI-Modified Fluorescence ICTS for Sensitive and Rapid Detection of PSA

Zhang, Bo, Gao, Weichen, Piao, Jiafang, Xiao, Yunjie, Wang, Bin, Peng, Weipan, Gong, Xiaoqun, Wang, Zefang, Yang, Haitao, Chang, Jin
ACS applied materials & interfaces 2018 v.10 no.17 pp. 14549-14558
antibodies, bioactive properties, blood serum, detection limit, electrochemiluminescence, fluorescence, hydrophobins, immunoaffinity chromatography, immunoassays, materials science, point-of-care systems, prostate-specific antigen, rapid methods
Nowadays, increasing analytical sensitivity is still a big challenge in constructing membrane-based fluorescence immunochromatography test strips (FICTS). However, the bioactivity of antibody (Ab) immobilized on the test line (T line) of porous nitrocellulose membrane (PNM), which directly influences the analytical sensitivity, is less studied. In this work, a novel amphiphilic hydrophobin (HFBI) protein was introduced to modify the T line to effectively retain the Abs’ bioactivity. The results indicated that HFBI could self-assemble on the PNM and immobilize the Abs in the “stand-up” orientation. Compared with the conventional FICTS, the HFBI-modified FICTS with only 0.2 mg/mL of monoclonal Abs on T line enable more accurate quantitative detection and better sensitivity (0.06 ng/mL for prostate specific antigen), which is more than 2 orders of magnitude lower than that of the conventional FICTS with the same concentration of monoclonal Abs on T line. Furthermore, the accuracy of this HFBI-modified FICTS was investigated by testing 150 clinical serum samples and the detection results were coincident with those by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. Our results provide a novel and promising strategy of Ab immobilization on FICTS for near-patient and point-of-care application.