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Growth media and temperature effects on biofilm formation by serotype O157:H7 and non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli

Gaylen A. Uhlich, Chin-Yi Chen, Bryan J. Cottrell, Ly-Huong Nguyen
FEMS Microbiology Letters 2014 v.354 no.2 pp. 133-141
Escherichia coli O157, agar, biofilm, cellulose, culture media, dyes, fimbriae, genes, microbial growth, phenotype, serotypes, temperature, virulent strains
Biofilm formation in most Escherichia coli strains is dependent on curli fimbriae and cellulose, and the production of both varies widely among pathogenic strains. Curli and cellulose production by colonies growing on agar are often identified by their affinity for Congo red dye (CR). However, media composition and incubation temperature can affect dye affinity and impose limitations on red phenotype detection by this method. In this study, we compared different Shiga toxin-producing E. coli for CR affinity and biofilm formation under different media/temperature conditions. We found strain and serotype differences in CR affinities and biofilm formation, as well as temperature and media requirements for maximum CR binding. We also constructed strains with deletions of curli and/or cellulose genes to determine their contributions to the phenotypes and identified two O45 strains with a medium-dependent induction of cellulose.