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Genetic characterization of Vitis germplasm collected from the southwestern US and Mexico to expedite Pierce’s disease-resistance breeding

Riaz, S., Huerta-Acosta, K., Tenscher, A.C., Walker, M.A.
Theoretical and applied genetics 2018 v.131 no.7 pp. 1589-1602
Vitis vinifera, breeding, chloroplasts, cultivars, data analysis, disease resistance, genetic markers, genomics, genotype, germplasm, grapes, loci, maternal lineage, microsatellite repeats, phenotype, quantitative trait loci, resistance genes, seedlings, California, Mexico, South America, Southeastern United States, Southwestern United States
Pierce’s disease (PD) limits the cultivation of Vitis vinifera grape cultivars in California, across the southern United States and into South America. Resistance has been well characterized in V. arizonica, and one resistance locus has been identified (PdR1). However, resistance is poorly characterized in most other grape species. We tested a wide range of Vitis species from the southwestern United States for resistance to PD and used nuclear and chloroplast markers to phenotypically and genetically select a diverse set of resistant accessions. Chloroplast SSR markers identified 11 maternal lineage lines within the set of 17 (14 new and three previously identified) PD resistant accessions. A total of 19 breeding populations (F1 and pseudo-BC1) were developed with the 14 PD resistant accessions, and a total of 705 seedlings were analyzed for PD resistance. Using a limited mapping approach, 12 SSR markers, linked to the PdR1 locus, were used to genotype the breeding populations and phenotypic data were analyzed. Nine accessions had a major resistance quantitative trait locus (QTL) within the genomic region containing PdR1. The phenotypic data for these three resistant accessions, ANU67, b41-13, and T03-16, did not associate with PdR1 linked markers, indicating that their resistance is located in other regions of the genome. These three accessions were identified as candidates for use in the development of framework maps with larger populations capable of detecting additional and unique loci for PD resistance breeding and the stacking of PD resistance genes.