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Genome-wide investigation and expression profiling of APX gene family in Gossypium hirsutum provide new insights in redox homeostasis maintenance during different fiber development stages

Tao, Chengcheng, Jin, Xiang, Zhu, Liping, Xie, Quanliang, Wang, Xuchu, Li, Hongbin
Molecular genetics and genomics 2018 v.293 no.3 pp. 685-697
Gossypium hirsutum, animals, ascorbate peroxidase, enzyme activity, functional properties, genes, homeostasis, hydrogen peroxide, lint cotton, oxidation, phylogeny, plant hormones, tetraploidy
Ascorbate peroxidase (APX) is a member of heme-containing peroxidases which catalyze the H₂O₂-dependent oxidation of a wide range of substrates in plants and animals. As is known, H₂O₂ acts as a signaling molecule in the regulation of fiber development. Our previous work reported that ascorbate peroxidase 1 (GhAPX1) was important for cotton fiber elongation. However, knowledge about APX gene family members and their evolutionary and functional characteristics in cotton is limited. Here, we report 26 GhAPX genes by genome-wide investigation of tetraploid cotton Gossypium hirsutum. Phylogenetic and gene structure analyses classified these APX members into five clades and syntenic analysis suggested two duplication events. Expression profiling of the 26 APXs revealed that ten members are expressed in cotton fibers. Notably, GhAPX10A, GhAPX10D, GhAPX12A, and GhAPX12D showed high expression levels in 30-day fiber, while GhAPX1A/D, GhAPX3A/D, and GhAPX6A/D showed very low expression levels. The enzyme activity and H₂O₂ content assays revealed that cotton fiber kept high enzyme activity and the lowest H₂O₂ level in 30-day fibers, indicating that other than GhAPX1, the newly reported APX members are responsible for the reactive oxygen species homeostasis in the cotton fiber maturation stages. Expression profiling of ten fiber-expressed APXs after phytohormone treatments revealed their regulation patterns by different stimuli, suggesting that GhAPX1, GhAPX12A, and GhAPX12D are responsible to most phytohormone treatments. Our data provided evolutionary and functional information of GhAPX gene family members and revealed that different members are responsible to redox homeostasis during different cotton fiber development stages.