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The prevalence and isolated subtypes of BK polyomavirus reactivation among patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus-1 in southeastern China

Hu, Caiqin, Huang, Ying, Su, Juwei, Wang, Mengyan, Zhou, Qihui, Zhu, Biao
Archives of virology 2018 v.163 no.6 pp. 1463-1468
BK polyomavirus, DNA, HIV infections, Human immunodeficiency virus 1, cystitis, elderly, females, kidney diseases, mixed infection, pathogens, patients, phylogeny, polymerase chain reaction, tuberculosis, China
BK polyomavirus (BKPyV) is an opportunistic infectious pathogen that is associated with hemorrhagic cystitis and nephropathy, mainly in transplant recipients and human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) infected patients. However, molecular characterization studies of BKPyV in China are rare. This study was designed to elucidate the prevalence and to determine the main subtypes of BKPyV among HIV-1-infected patients in southeastern China. In addition, the increased incidences for BKPyV reactivation were analyzed. The isolated BKPyV DNA was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and the specimen sequences were aligned with the reference sequences for phylogenetic analysis. In this study, BKPyV viruria was detected in 64.2% (88/137) of HIV-1-infected patients. Patients in the BKPyV-positive group were more diverse with respect to gender (P = 0.039) and age (P = 0.023) than their counterparts in the BKPyV-negative group, and they had a higher rate of co-infection with tuberculosis (TB) (P = 0.026). Viruria was more commonly found in patients with CD4 counts <200 cells/mm (72.7%) than in those with CD4 counts ≥200 cells/mm (58.5%) (not significant). All sequenced BKPyV isolates belonged to subtype I (13/32) and IV (19/32). A high prevalence of BKPyV reactivation was discovered in patients with HIV-1 infection. Females and elderly individuals, as well as those with a TB co-infection, appeared more susceptible to BKPyV reactivation in this study. BKPyV viruria was found more often and was associated with lower CD4 counts.