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Use of inductors in the control of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and Rhizopus stolonifer isolated from soursop fruits: in vitro tests

Ramos-Guerrero, Anelsy, González-Estrada, RamsésRamón, Hanako-Rosas, Greta, Bautista-Baños, Silvia, Acevedo-Hernández, Gustavo, Tiznado-Hernández, MartinErnesto, Gutiérrez-Martínez, Porfirio
Food science and biotechnology 2018 v.27 no.3 pp. 755-763
Annona muricata, Colletotrichum, Glomerella cingulata, Rhizopus stolonifer, antimicrobial properties, chitosan, defense mechanisms, disease control, fruits, fungal diseases of plants, fungicides, in vitro studies, methyl jasmonate, mycelium, plant pathogenic fungi, plant tissues, postharvest diseases, salicylic acid, soursops, spore germination, sporulation
Soursop (Annona muricata) is a tropical fruit that can be infected by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and Rhizopus stolonifer. Traditional methods used for postharvest disease control include the application of fungicides, however due to their excessive use, as well as their persistence in the environment, the development of new strategies that control pathogens are required. The application of chitosan (Chi), salicylic acid (SA) and methyl jasmonate (MJ) is an environmentally-friendly alternative with antimicrobial properties and also induces defense mechanisms in plant tissues. In this study, Colletotrichum was reactivated and Rhizopus was identified using morphological features and molecular tools. In vitro, the application of 0.5 and 1.0% of Chi alone or in combination with SA and MJ decreased mycelial growth and sporulation, a complete inhibition of spore germination was obtained. Thus, the application of Chi in combination with SA and MJ could be a smart strategy to inhibit the development of pathogens that attack soursop fruit.