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Genetic dissection of rice (Oryza sativa L.) tiller, plant height, and grain yield based on QTL mapping and metaanalysis

Lei, L., Zheng, H.L., Wang, J.G., Liu, H.L., Sun, J., Zhao, H.W., Yang, L.M., Zou, D.T.
Euphytica 2018 v.214 no.7 pp. 109
Oryza sativa, agronomic traits, genes, genetic markers, grain yield, marker-assisted selection, molecular cloning, phenotype, plant development, plant height, quantitative trait loci, rice, tillers
Tiller number per plant (TN) and plant height (PH) are important agronomic traits related to grain yield (GY) in rice (Oryza sativa L.). A total of 30 additive quantitative trait loci (A-QTL) and 9 significant additive × environment interaction QTLs (AE-QTL) were detected, while the phenotypic and QTL correlations confirmed the intrinsic relationship of the three traits. These QTLs were integrated with 986 QTLs from previous studies by metaanalysis. Consensus maps contained 7156 markers for a total map length of 1112.71 cM, onto which 863 QTLs were projected; 78 meta-QTLs (MQTLs) covering 11 of the 30 QTLs were detected from the cross between Dongnong422 and Kongyu131 in this study. A total of 705 predicted genes were distributed over the 21 MQTL intervals with physical length <0.3 Mb; 13 of the 21 MQTLs, and 34 candidate genes related to grain yield and plant development, were screened. Five major QTLs, viz. qGY6-2, qPH7-2, qPH6-3, qTN6-1, and qTN7-1, were not detected in the MQTL intervals and could be used as newly discovered QTLs. Candidate genes within these QTL intervals will play a meaningful role in molecular marker-assisted selection and map-based cloning of rice TN, PH, and GY.