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The complete mitochondrial genome of Carabus (Damaster) lafossei (Coleoptera: Carabidae)

Liu, Naiyi, Wang, Shuyan, Yang, Xiaojun, Song, Jie, Wu, Jing, Fang, Jie
Conservation genetics resources 2018 v.10 no.2 pp. 157-160
Carabidae, animals, mitochondrial genome, molecular biology, phylogeny, ribosomal RNA, start codon, stop codon, transfer RNA, China
Carabus (Damaster) lafossei: (Coleoptera, Carabidae) is an endangered beetle endemic to China; it was listed as National Second Class Protected Animal in China. Here, we provide the first report of the complete mitochondrial genome sequence of Carabus lafossei. The sequence contains 16,793 bp, with 13 protein-coding genes, 2 rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes, and 1 control region. All of the protein-coding genes use the typical ATN as the initiation codon, except for ND1, which uses TTG. Only COX2 employs a single T as a termination signal, while others have the typical termination codons (TAA or TAG). The average A+T content of the mitochondrial genome is 79.7%. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that C. lafossei has a closer relationship with Carabus mirabilissimus than with other Carabus species. These molecular biology data provide a scientific basis for the protection and sustainable utilization of this key endangered Carabid beetle.