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Over-expression of mammaglobin-B in canine mammary tumors

Pandey, Mamta, Sunil Kumar, B. V., Gupta, Kuldip, Sethi, Ram Saran, Kumar, Ashwani, Verma, Ramneek
BMC veterinary research 2018 v.14 no.1 pp. 184
breast neoplasms, breasts, dogs, gene expression, genes, humans, immunohistochemistry, mammary glands, mammary neoplasms (animal), messenger RNA, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, tissues, veterinary medicine
BACKGROUND: Mammaglobin, a member of secretoglobin family has been recognized as a breast cancer associated protein. Though the exact function of the protein is not fully known, its expression has been reported to be upregulated in human breast cancer.We focused on studying the expression of mammaglobin-B gene and protein in canine mammary tumor (CMT) tissue. Expression of mammaglobin-B mRNA and protein were assessed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry (IHC), respectively. RESULTS: High levels of mammaglobin-B mRNA expression (6.663 ± 0.841times) was observed in CMT as compared to age and breed matched healthy controls. Further, expression of mammaglobin-B protein was detected in paraffin-embedded mammary tumor tissues from the same subjects by IHC. Mammaglobin-B protein was overexpressed only in 6.67% of healthy mammary glands while, a high level of its expression was scored in 76.7% of the CMT subjects. Moreover, no significant differences in terms of IHC score and qRT-PCR score with respect to CMT histotypes or tumor grades were observed, indicating that mammaglobin-B over-expression occurred irrespective of CMT types or grades. CONCLUSION: Overall, significantly increased expression of mammaglobin-B protein was found in CMTs with respect to healthy mammary glands, which positively correlates to its transcript. These findings suggest that overexpression of mammaglobin-B is associated with tumors of canine mammary glands.