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Recent advances in bio-based multi-products of agricultural Jerusalem artichoke resources
- Qiu, Yibin, Lei, Peng, Zhang, Yatao, Sha, Yuanyuan, Zhan, Yijing, Xu, Zongqi, Li, Sha, Xu, Hong, Ouyang, Pingkai
- Biotechnology for biofuels 2018 v.11 no.1 pp. 151
- Helianthus annuus, Jerusalem artichokes, biobased products, biomass, biorefining, cost effectiveness, feedstocks, genetic engineering, hydrolysis, industry, inulin, microorganisms, perennials, value added
- The Jerusalem artichoke is a perennial plant that belongs to the sunflower family. As a non-grain crop, Jerusalem artichoke possesses a number of desirable characteristics that make it a valuable feedstock for biorefinery, such as inulin content, rapid growth, strong adaptability, and high yields. This review provides a comprehensive introduction to renewable Jerusalem artichoke-based biomass resources and recent advances in bio-based product conversion. Furthermore, we discuss the latest in the development of inulinase-producing microorganisms and enhanced inulin hydrolysis capacity of microbes by genetic engineering, which lead to a more cost-effective Jerusalem artichoke biorefinery. The review is aimed at promoting Jerusalem artichoke industry and new prospects for higher value-added production.