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Comparative genome analysis of Bacillus velezensis reveals a potential for degrading lignocellulosic biomass

Chen, Long, Gu, Wei, Xu, Hai-yan, Yang, Gui-Lian, Shan, Xiao-Feng, Chen, Guang, Kang, Yuan-huan, Wang, Chun-Feng, Qian, Ai-Dong
3 Biotech 2018 v.8 no.5 pp. 253
alpha-N-arabinofuranosidase, arabinans, arabinogalactans, arabinoxylan, bacteria, beta-glucanase, beta-mannosidase, biomass, cellulose, cellulose 1,4-beta-cellobiosidase, endo-1,4-beta-glucanase, endo-1,4-beta-xylanase, genes, hemicellulose, lignin, lignocellulases, lignocellulose, pectate lyase, pectins, sequence analysis
Genomes of 24 sequenced Bacillus velezensis strains were characterized to identity shared and unique genes of lignocellulolytic enzymes and predict potential to degrade lignocellulose. All 24 strains had genes that encoded lignocellulolytic enzymes, with potential to degrade cellulose and hemicelluloses. Several lignocellulosic genes related to cellulose degradation were universally present, including one GH5 (endo-1,4-β-glucanase), one GH30 (glucan endo-1,6-β-glucosidase), two GH4 (6-phospho-β-glucosidase, 6-phospho-α-glucosidase), one GH1 (6-phospho-β-galactosidase), one GH16 (β-glucanase) and three GH32 (two sucrose-6-phosphate hydrolase and levanase). However, in the absence of gene(s) for cellobiohydrolase, it was predicted that none of the 24 strains would be able to directly hydrolyse cellulose. Regarding genes for hemicellulose degradation, four GH43 (1,4-β-xylosidase; except strain 9912D), one GH11 (endo-1,4-β-xylanase), three GH43 (two arabinan endo-1,5-α-L-arabinosidase and one arabinoxylan arabinofuranohydrolase), two GH51 (α-N-arabinofuranosidase), one GH30 (glucuronoxylanase), one GH26 (β-mannosidase) and one GH53 (arabinogalactan endo-1,4-β-galactosidase) were present. In addition, two PL1 (pectate lyase) and one PL9 (pectate lyase) with potential for pectin degradation were conserved among all 24 strains. In addition, all 24 Bacillus velezensis had limited representation of the auxiliary activities super-family, consistent with a limited ability to degrade lignin. Therefore, it was predicted that for these bacteria to degrade lignin, pretreatment of lignocellulosic substrates may be required. Finally, based on in silico studies, we inferred that Bacillus velezensis strains may degrade a range of polysaccharides in lignocellulosic biomasses.