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Genomewide association and identification of candidate genes for ovulation rate in swine

Schneider, J. F., Nonneman, D. J., Wiedmann, R. T., Vallet, J. L., Rohrer, G. A.
Journal of animal science 2014 v.92 no.9 pp. 3792-3803
DNA, chromosomes, estrogen receptors, genes, genetic variance, genetic variation, inhibin, marker-assisted selection, ovulation, quantitative trait loci, reproductive efficiency, single nucleotide polymorphism, sows
Reproductive efficiency has a great impact on the economic success of pork production. Ovulation rate is an early component of reproduction efficiency and contributes to the number of pigs born in a litter. To better understand the underlying genetics of ovulation rate, a genomewide association study was undertaken. Samples of DNA were collected and tested using the Illumina Porcine SNP60 BeadChip from 1,180 females with ovulation measurements ranging from never farrowed to measurements taken after parity 2. A total of 41,848 SNP were tested using the Bayes C option of GenSel. After the Bayes C analysis, SNP were assigned to sliding windows of 5 consecutive SNP by chromosome-position order beginning with the first 5 SNP on SSC1 and ending with the last 5 SNP on SSCX. The 5-SNP windows were analyzed using the Predict option of GenSel. From the Predict analysis, putative QTL were selected having no overlap with other 5-SNP window groups, no overlap across chromosomes, and the highest genetic variation. These putative QTL were submitted to statistical testing using the bootstrap option of GenSel. Of the putative QTL tested, 80 were found to be statistically significant (P < 0.01). Ten QTL were found on SSC1, 12 on SSC2, 4 on SSC3, 8 on SSC4, 3 on SSC5, 3 on SSC6, 3 on SSC7, 4 on SSC8, 2 on SSC9, 4 on SSC10, 1 on SSC12, 4 on SSC13, 2 on SSC14, 4 on SSC15, 4 on SSC16, 6 on SSC17, 4 on SSC18, and 1 on SSCX. Sixteen QTL were found to be statistically significant at the P < 0.001 level. Six additional QTL were significant at the P = 0.001 level. These 22 QTL accounted for 71.10% of the total genetic variance. The most compelling candidate genes in these regions include Estrogen receptor 1, growth differentiation factor 9, and inhibin βA. These QTL, when combined with information on genes found in the same regions, should provide useful information that could be used for marker assisted selection, marker assisted management, or genomic selection applications in commercial pig populations.