Main content area

Antimicrobial resistance and potential virulence of Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolated from water and bivalve mollusks from Bahia, Brazil

Silva, Irana Paim, Carneiro, Camila de Souza, Saraiva, Margarete Alice Fontes, Oliveira, Thiago Alves Santos de, Sousa, Oscarina Viana de, Evangelista-Barreto, Norma Suely
Marine pollution bulletin 2018 v.131 pp. 757-762
Bivalvia, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, ampicillin, amylases, antibiotic resistance, cephalothin, deoxyribonucleases, genes, human health, minimum inhibitory concentration, phenotype, phospholipases, risk, tissues, virulence, water pollution, Brazil
The aim of the present study was to verify the antimicrobial susceptibility profile and virulence factors of Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolated from water and bivalve mollusks. A high percentage of V. parahaemolyticus was isolated in natura, processed bivalves tissues, and surrounding water (75%, 20%, and 59%, respectively). The most potential virulence phenotype in V. parahaemolyticus isolates was amylase production (97%) followed by DNase (83%), phospholipase (70%), β-hemolytic activity (57%). The tdh and trh genes were not detected. Besides, a high antimicrobial resistance was observed for ampicillin (97%), minimum inhibitory concentration [MIC] = 400 μg and cephalothin (93%, MIC ≤ 100 μg). The absence of expression of tdh and trh virulence genes excluded the toxigenic potential of V. parahaemolyticus isolates; however, the high prevalence of antimicrobial resistance among the environmental strains is a risk to human health.