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In vitro digestibility of cyclopropane fatty acids in Grana Padano cheese: A study combining 1H NMR and GC-MS techniques

Lolli, Veronica, Dall’Asta, Margherita, Del Rio, Daniele, Caligiani, Augusta
Journal of food engineering 2018 v.237 pp. 226-230
Grana cheese, Protozoa, bioavailability, digestion, fatty acids, fish, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, humans, hydrolysis, in vitro digestibility, in vitro digestion, meat, microorganisms, milk, models, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, seed oils
Cyclopropane fatty acids (CPFA), like dihydrosterculic and lactobacillic acid, are unusual fatty acids found in microorganisms, seed oils of some sub-tropical plants, and protozoa. Recently, these molecules were detected in milk and dairy products, as well as in meat and fish. To the best of our knowledge, only a few studies have documented their presence and relevance in animals and humans. In the present work, the digestibility of CPFA from Grana Padano cheese was evaluated through an in vitro digestion model. Two different complementary analytical techniques (1HNMR and GC-MS) were applied for better evaluating the presence of CPFA in raw and digested matrices. Results showed that CPFA were released from tri-O-acylglycerols, and that the cyclopropane ring was not degraded, indicating their stability and potential bioaccessibility after digestion in the present model. 1H NMR and GC-MS analysis of the digested samples also provided comprehensive and complementary information for studying qualitatively and quantitatively the hydrolysis level of these fatty acids in complex lipid matrices.