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In situ surface transfer process of Cry1Ac protein on SiO2: The effect of biosurfactants for desorption

Miao, Shuzhou, Yuan, Xingzhong, Liang, Yunshan, Wang, Hou, Leng, Lijian, Wu, Zhibin, Jiang, Longbo, Li, Yifu, Mo, Dan, Zeng, Guangming
Journal of hazardous materials 2018 v.341 pp. 150-158
Bacillus thuringiensis, adsorption, biosurfactants, correlation, crops, crystal proteins, desorption, edaphic factors, electrostatic interactions, ionic strength, models, pH, quartz crystal microbalance, rhamnolipids, risk, silica, soil, sorption isotherms, transgenic plants
Genetically modified Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) crops, which have been widely used in agricultural transgenic plants, express insecticidal Cry proteins and release the toxin into soils. Taking into consideration the environmental risk of Cry proteins, biosurfactant—rhamnolipids were applied to desorb Cry proteins from soil environment, which has not been elucidated before. Quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) was used in this article to investigate the adsorption and desorption behaviors of Cry1Ac on SiO2 surface (model soil). Results showed that patch-controlled electrostatic attraction (PCEA) governed Cry1Ac adsorption to SiO2, and the solution pH or ionic strength can affect PCEA. The adsorption kinetics could be fitted by the pseudo-second-order model, and the adsorption isotherm was fitted to Langmuir model with correlation coefficients higher than 0.999. The desorption characteristics of Cry1Ac from SiO2 were assessed in the presence of mono-rhamnolipid, di-rhamnolipid or complex-rhamnolipid. Mono-rhamnolipid exhibited the most significant positive effect on desorption performance. With a complete removal of Cry1Ac reached when mono-rhamnolipid concentration was up to 50mgL⁻¹. Additionally, the desorption was enhanced at alkaline pH range, and Cry1Ac can be completely and rapidly desorbed by rhamnolipids from SiO2 at ionic strength of 5×10⁻²M.