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Removal of arsenate and antimonate by acid-treated Fe-rich clays

Dousova, Barbora, Lhotka, Miloslav, Filip, Jan, Kolousek, David
Journal of hazardous materials 2018 v.357 pp. 440-448
adsorption, arsenates, bentonite, hydrochloric acid, iron, iron oxides, kaolin, leaching, models, oxalic acid, oxides, oxyanions, pH, sorbents
Iron impurities in clays degrade the quality in many aspects, but available Fe oxides can significantly improve adsorption affinity of clays to anionic particles. Two natural Fe-rich clays (kaolin and bentonite) were treated in 0.5 M HCl (pH = 1.1) and 0.15 M (COOH)2 (pH = 1.2), and then used to adsorb AsV/SbV oxyanions from model solutions. After acid leaching, the equilibrium sorption capacities (qmax) increased from 2.3 × 10-3 to 39.2 × 10-3 mmol g-1 for AsV and from 2.4 × 10-3 to 40.1 × 10-3 mmol g-1 for SbV, more than doubling the adsorption yields (≈95%) of both oxyanions. Leaching in 0.5 M HCl enhanced both AsV and SbV adsorption, whereas leaching in 0.15 M (COOH)2 mainly improved the adsorption of SbV. Bentonite, which contained fewer crystalline forms of Fe, exhibited better sorption properties for both oxyanions. The leaching of Fe followed first-order kinetics, whereas the adsorption of AsV/SbV followed second-order kinetics. Acid leaching of Fe-rich clays can be used for the preparation of highly selective anionactive sorbents.