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Molecular characterization and allergenicity potential of triosephosphate isomerase from Sarcoptes scabiei

He, Ran, Zhang, Haojie, Shen, Nengxing, Guo, Cheng, Ren, Yongjun, Xie, Yue, Gu, Xiaobin, Lai, Weimin, Peng, Xuerong, Yang, Guangyou
Veterinary parasitology 2018 v.257 pp. 40-47
Sarcoptes scabiei, allergenicity, erythema, humans, immunohistochemistry, keratinization, legs, mastication, mites, mouthparts, pathogenesis, public health, rabbits, scabies, skin tests, triose-phosphate isomerase, tropical diseases, vaccines
Scabies is an allergic skin disease that affects millions of mammals worldwide, including humans. It is a neglected tropical disease that represents a significant public health threat, particularly in economically disadvantaged populations. An effective vaccine is not currently available, and the exact mode of pathogenesis remains unclear. Herein, we identified, cloned and recombinantly expressed triosephosphate isomerase from Sarcoptes scabiei (S. scabiei). Immunohistochemical analyses showed that S. scabiei triosephosphate isomerase (Ss-TIM) is localized in the legs and chewing mouthparts of mites, and in infected rabbit skin (keratinized skin and embedded mites). Intradermal skin tests of rabbits injected with recombinant S. scabiei triosephosphate isomerase (rSs-TIM) revealed a flare, erythema and wheal reaction. These findings suggest that Ss-TIM may contribute to host invasion and induce an allergic response in the host.