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Rhelogical and antibacterial performance of sodium alginate/zinc oxide composite coating for cellulosic paper

Wei Wu, Tao Liu, Haibing He, Xihu Wu, Xianwu Cao, Jia Jin, Qijun Sun, Vellaisamy A.L. Roy, Robert K.Y. Li
Colloids and surfaces 2018 v.167 pp. 538-543
Escherichia coli, Gram-negative bacteria, Gram-positive bacteria, antibacterial properties, antibiotics, aqueous solutions, cellulosic fibers, coatings, colloids, crosslinking, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, growth retardation, modulus of elasticity, paper, rheology, scanning electron microscopy, sodium alginate, tensile strength, thermal stability, viscosity, zinc, zinc oxide
Coating of antibacterial layer on the surface of cellulosic paper has numerous potential applications. In the present work, sodium alginate (SA) served as a binder to disperse Zn²⁺ and the prepared zinc oxide (ZnO) particles were used as antibacterial agents. The rheology test revealed that there were cross-linking between Zn²⁺ and SA molecular chains in the aqueous solution, resulting in the viscosity of ZnO/SA composite coating increased in the low shear rate region and decreased in the high shear rate region as compared with pure SA. SEM and EDS mapping images showed that the ZnO particles were prepared successfully at 120 °C and dispersed homogeneously on the surface of cellulose fibers and the pores of cellulosic papers. The thermal stabilities of the coated papers decreased as compared to the original blank cellulosic paper, which was ascribed to the low thermal stability of SA and the catalytic effect of ZnO on SA. The tensile stress and Young’s modulus of ZnO/SA composite coated paper increased up 39.5% and 30.7%, respectively, as compared with those of blank cellulosic paper. The antibacterial activity tests indicated that the ZnO/SA composite coating endowed the cellulosic paper with effectively growth inhibition of both Gram-negative bacteria E. coli and Gram-positive bacteria S. aureu.