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Occurrence of aflatoxins B1 and M1 in milk powder and UHT consumed in the city of Assomada (Cape Verde Islands) and southern Brazil
- Gonçalves, Keven David Moreira, Sibaja, Karen Vanessa Marimón, Feltrin, Ana Carla Penteado, Remedi, Rafael Diaz, de Oliveira Garcia, Sabrina, Garda-Buffon, Jaqueline
- Food control 2018 v.93 pp. 260-264
- aflatoxins, dried milk, fluorescence, high performance liquid chromatography, islands, laws and regulations, liquids, milk, powders, supermarkets, Brazil, Cape Verde
- The occurrence of aflatoxins M1 (AFLAM1) and B1 (AFLAB1) was evaluated in 112 milk samples (whole, skimmed, semi-skimmed—liquids and powders), collected at a local commercial establishment in southern Brazil and Assomada City, Cape Verde. AFLAM1 and AFLAB1 were determined by using high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection. For the 62 milk samples from 41 supermarkets in the city of Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul, 68% were contaminated by AFLAM1 (range, 40–3670 ng L−1) and 16% were contaminated by AFLAB1 (range, 40–600 ng L−1), with contamination found only in liquid milk. Among the 50 samples from Assomada City, AFLAM1 was detected in 76% of the samples (range, 32–2896 ng L−1), at values below the current Brazilian legislation for the maximum permitted level in milk powder (5000 ng L−1) but higher than that recommended by the European Commission.