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Performance and mechanism of a novel algal-bacterial symbiosis system based on sequencing batch suspended biofilm reactor treating domestic wastewater

Author:
Tang, Cong-Cong, Tian, Yu, He, Zhang-Wei, Zuo, Wei, Zhang, Jun
Source:
Bioresource technology 2018 v.265 pp. 422-431
ISSN:
0960-8524
Subject:
Chlorella, Comamonadaceae, Flavobacterium, Micropruina, Scenedesmus, algae, bacteria, biofilm, chlorophyll, denitrification, metabolism, municipal wastewater, nitrogen, nutrients, phosphorus, symbiosis, wastewater treatment
Abstract:
A novel algal-bacterial symbiosis system based on sequencing batch suspended biofilm reactor (A-SBSBR) was developed for simultaneously enhanced nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) removal from domestic wastewater. Results showed that the total N (TN) and P (TP) removal efficiencies in A-SBSBR increased to 69.91% and 94.78%, respectively. The mechanism analysis indicated that TN removal mainly occurred at non-aeration stage, and TP removal happened during the whole cycle in A-SBSBR. Compared to control SBSBR, TN removal by denitrification and anabolism and TP removal by anabolism in A-SBSBR increased by 12.70%, 7.64% and 50.13%, respectively. The Chlorophyll a accumulation in biofilm increased to 4.80 ± 0.08 mg/g. Algae related to Chlorella and Scenedesmus and bacteria related to Flavobacterium, Micropruina and Comamonadaceae were enriched in A-SBSBR and responsible for the enhanced nutrients removal effect. This study may provide a new solution to achieve nutrients removal enhancement from wastewater.
Agid:
5975540