Main content area

Anode modification with palladium nanoparticles enhanced Evans Blue removal and power generation in microbial fuel cells

Quan, Xiangchun, Xu, Hengduo, Sun, Bo, Xiao, Zhutian
International biodeterioration & biodegradation 2018 v.132 pp. 94-101
Geobacter, anodes, azo dyes, biofilm, community structure, decolorization, high-throughput nucleotide sequencing, microbial communities, microbial fuel cells, nanoparticles, palladium, pollutants, power generation, wastewater
Anode electrode was modified using palladium nanoparticles (PdNPs) aimed to increase power generation and simultaneous pollutants removal from azo dye containing wastewater in Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs). Results showed that the MFCs with Pd modified anode (Pd-MFC) demonstrated a higher Evans Blue decolorization rate, maximum power density and Coulombic Efficiency compared to that with control anode. The Pd1-MFC (1 mg Pd cm⁻² anode) and Pd1-MFC (2 mg Pd cm⁻² anode) generated a maximum power density of 499 ± 11 mWm⁻² and 447 ± 15 mWm⁻², respectively, from Evans Blue containing wastewater, enhanced by 3.8 and 3.3 folds compared to the control MFC (106 ± 5 mWm⁻²). Illumina Miseq high-throughput sequencing method was used to investigate the microbial community structure for the anode biofilm. The Pd anode enriched more exoelectrogen Geobacter (53% for the Pd1 anode, 81% for the Pd2 anode) than the control anode (36%). Anode decoration with Pd NPs reduced charge transfer resistance, enriched more exoelectrogen, and endowed the electrode with direct Pd catalytic ability, which might contribute to the enhanced performance of Pd-MFCs.