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Status of Appalachian Jacob's-Ladder in Vermont

King, Warren
Rhodora 2018 v.120 no.981 pp. 42-51
Polemonium, Thuja occidentalis, anthropogenic activities, habitats, meadows, population growth, risk, stems, swamps, Vermont
Nine Element Occurrences (EOs) of Appalachian Jacob's-ladder Polemonium van-bruntiae in Vermont were recognized in 2002. Presently there are 15 EOs comprising 79 Sub-Element Occurrences (subEOs). The author monitored all 79 subEOs at least once and 31 of them twice between 2004 and 2017. The total number of sexually reproductive stems was 32,300, averaging 2153 per EO and 409 per subEO. Six subEOs had fewer than 10 plants each. More than half the subEOs occurred in wooded seeps; the remainder occurred in wet meadows, alder thickets, northern white cedar swamps or human-altered patchy habitats that mimic seeps. In Vermont the species is currently known only from southeast Addison County. The species is now more populous but only slightly more widely distributed in Vermont than in Deller's account. Increase in numbers is due to discovery of new EOs and subEOs, as well as to population growth of the EOs known since 2002. It remains at risk to the same variety of threats that it was believed subject to in 2002.