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Mortality of Western Burrowing Owls (Athene cunicularia hypugaea) Associated with Brodifacoum Exposure
- Justice-Allen, Anne, Loyd, Kerrie Anne
- Journal of wildlife diseases 2017 v.53 no.1 pp. 165-169
- Athene cunicularia, anticoagulants, applicators, brodifacoum, mortality, necropsy, Arizona
- Western Burrowing Owls (Athene cunicularia hypugaea) frequently occupy periurban areas, where they may be exposed to pest control agents. This short communication describes necropsy findings and detected brodifacoum rodenticide levels for four Western Burrowing Owls in Lake Havasu City, Arizona, US, 2013–15. Levels detected ranged from 0.077 mg/kg to 0.497 mg/kg. Brodifacoum, one of several second-generation anticoagulant rodenticides recently removed from the general consumer market, is still available for use by licensed pesticide applicators. Despite recent regulatory actions, second-generation anticoagulant pesticides continue to threaten predatory species in periurban areas.