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Qualitative Analysis of Volatiles in Rabbiteye Blueberry Cultivars at Various Maturities Using Rapid Solid-Phase Microextraction

Author:
John C. Beaulieu, Rebecca E. Stein-Chisholm, Deborah L. Boykin
Source:
Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 2014 v.139 no.2 pp. 167-177
ISSN:
0003-1062
Subject:
Vaccinium virgatum, acetates, aldehydes, aromatic compounds, astringency, blueberries, byproducts, cineole, cultivars, databases, fruit maturity, furans, gas chromatography, ketones, linalool, mass spectrometry, odor compounds, odors, qualitative analysis, solid phase microextraction, value added, Louisiana
Abstract:
There are very few studies detailing the aroma, astringency, and flavor of rabbiteye blueberry [RAB (Vaccinium ashei)] fruit typically grown in the southeastern United States. The objectives were to investigate the rapid and qualitative solid-phase microextraction gas chromatographic–mass spectrometry volatile composition of several local RAB cultivars with an overall goal to build a database of possible flavor and aroma compounds. Volatile profiles were obtained in five Louisiana-grown RAB cultivars (Brightwell, Climax, Premier, Powder Blue, and Tifblue) assayed at four maturities. The method routinely captured 53 volatiles, including 12 aldehydes, six alcohols, 11 esters, four ketones, 17 terpenoids, one furan, and two aromatics. Of the 33 compounds considered important in blueberries, 17 were recovered in the RAB cultivars assessed. Herein, 10 compounds were recovered for the first time in blueberry (Vaccinium sp.) and five of those compounds were confirmed with standards [2-ethylfuran, (E)-2-pentenal, (Z)- dehydroxylinalool oxide, (E)-dehydroxylinalool oxide and 1,4-cineole]. In general, terpenoids and their subclass linalools were the most significant volatiles followed closely by esters, aldehydes, and then alcohols. Terpenoids and linalools displayed the greatest significant differences in ‘Powder Blue’ and ‘Premier’. Esters and aldehydes were the most significant compound classes based on cultivar effect per maturity in firm-ripe fruit. From the suite of 17 of the 33 important compounds in upright blueberry, 10 were recovered across the five cultivars at four maturities that displayed a high level of significance. These were linalool, methyl 3-methylbutanoate, 1,8-cineole, (E)-2-hexanal, (Z)-3- hexenal, (Z)-3-hexenyl acetate, limonene, hexyl acetate, hexanal, and a-terpineol. These data will be useful to evaluate aroma volatiles in RAB and changes in processed and value-added byproducts.
Agid:
59770
Handle:
10113/59770