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Numerical Response of Cyrtorhinus lividipennis (Hemiptera: Miridae) to Nilaparvata lugens (Hemiptera: Delphacidae)1

Tangkawanit, Ubon, Hinmo, Nonglak, Khlibsuwan, Wirote
Journal of entomological science 2018 v.53 no.2 pp. 171-179
Cyrtorhinus lividipennis, Nilaparvata lugens, adults, birth rate, cages, eggs, longevity, mortality, sex ratio
Laboratory studies of the numerical response of the predator Cyrtorhinus lividipennis Reuter to its natural prey, Nilaparvata lugens Stal, determined the reproductive response to number of eggs oviposited, prey-dependent birth rate, prey-dependent mortality rate, and life cycle duration to different densities of N. lugens eggs. The experiments were conducted in cages with 1, 5, 10, 15, 20, and 30 eggs/predator per cage with 20 replications. The results indicated that the numerical response of C. lividipennis was positively related to prey density, with greater amounts of eggs laid, a longer duration of the lifespan, and adult age observed at a high prey density than a low prey density. However, the sex ratio and adult longevity were not affected by the prey density. The minimum prey density for completing C. lividipennis development was 5 eggs/d, whereas the minimum number of prey needed to produce an egg was 10 eggs/d. The study of the numerical response provided data for calculating the prey-dependent birth rate and prey-dependent mortality rate when C. lividipennis consumed one N. lugens egg. The results indicated that the prey-density–dependent birth rate was 0.123 eggs/bug/d and the prey-density–dependent mortality rate was 0.027 bugs/d.