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Synergy between grapevine vitiviruses and grapevine leafroll viruses

Rowhani, A., Daubert, Steve, Arnold, K., Al Rwahnih, M., Klaassen, V., Golino, D., Uyemoto, J. K.
European journal of plant pathology 2018 v.151 no.4 pp. 919-925
Vitis, mixed infection, vines, viruses
An interactive relationship between vitiviruses and grapevine leafroll viruses was characterized in grapevine. Grapevine viruses A and B (GVA and GVB) were found more frequently in the presence of co-infecting Grapevine leafroll associated viruses (GLRaV-1, −2 or −3) than in their absence. The titers of the vitiviruses in co-infection with leafroll viruses were found to be higher than were their titers in the absence of leafroll virus infection. The occurrence of vitivirus-associated stem-pitting symptoms was correlated with leafroll virus co-infection. Specific pairing associations on the species level were found between different viti- and leafroll virus species: GVB was associated preferentially with GLRaV-2; GVA was associated preferentially with GLRaV-1 and GLRaV-3. In contrast to the increase in vitivirus titer seen with leafroll virus co-infection, the incidence and titer of grapevine leafroll virus appeared to be unaltered by vitivirus co-infection. The potential for a synergistic enhancement of grapevine disease in co-infected vines is discussed.