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Selected organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in surface soils from three major states from the northeastern part of India

Devi, Ningombam Linthoingambi, Chakraborty, Paromita, Shihua, Qi, Zhang, Gan
Environmental monitoring and assessment 2013 v.185 no.8 pp. 6667-6676
DDT (pesticide), adsorption, correlation, detectors, electrons, endosulfan, forests, gas chromatography, grasslands, isomers, principal component analysis, soil organic carbon, soil sampling, tea, volatile compounds, wetlands, wildlife, India
Eighty-two surface soil samples were collected from forest, grassland, tea estate, wildlife sanctuary, wetland, and roadside areas from the northeastern states of India, viz., Tripura, Manipur, and Assam. Thirteen different organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) were detected from background soils using gas chromatography electron capture detector. Manipur soils were found to be with higher concentration of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanes (DDTs), hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs), and endosulfan followed by Tripura and Assam. The spearman correlation coefficient shows significant correlation between HCHs, DDTs, and endosulfan isomers (r ² > 0.5 and p < 0.05). Additionally, α-HCH, δ-HCH, o,p′-DDE, and endosulfan-sulfate shows good correlation with total organic carbon in soil (r ² = 0.5, p = 0.05), indicating that the soil organic matter could enhance adsorption of these compounds, also demonstrating that the present OCPs in the background soil were from similar source. Further principal component analysis evaluates that most of the higher volatile compounds where clustered together in soil. However, after comparing with different states of Indian soil samples, the concentrations of OCPs in the present study areas are much lower and comparable with background soil across the globe.