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A novel use of Moringa oleifera seed powder in enhancing the primary treatment of paper mill effluent

Boulaadjoul, Soumia, Zemmouri, Hassiba, Bendjama, Zoubida, Drouiche, Nadjib
Chemosphere 2018 v.206 pp. 142-149
Moringa oleifera, alum, aluminum sulfate, biodegradability, chemical oxygen demand, coagulants, coagulation, pH, paper, pulp and paper mill effluents, seeds, turbidity, Algeria
In this study, Moringa oleifera (M. oleifera) performance as an eco-friendly coagulant in the enhanced primary treatment of paper mill effluent was investigated. Its performance in terms of turbidity removal and COD abatement was examined. Local M. oleifera seed powder from ADRAR-city, South of Algeria, was used. Conventional jar tests were conducted for enhancing the primary treatment of paper mill effluent from paper factory. For this reason, comparative coagulation tests were performed using aluminum sulfate (alum). Indeed, in terms of turbidity abatement, 96.02% and 97.1% were obtained for Moringa and alum, respectively. However, in the case of COD abatement, the abatement rate of M. oleifera seeds was slightly higher than that of alum, 97.28% and 92.67%, respectively. Because M. oleifera is a natural resource that is locally available, an eco-friendly coagulant, non-toxic, and biodegradable and does not affect the pH of water; thus, its use allows to avoid numerous disadvantages of conventional coagulants like alum.