Main content area

Increased salinity triggers significant changes in the functional proteins of ANAMMOX bacteria within a biofilm community

Meng, Yabing, Yin, Cuiqin, Zhou, Zhongbo, Meng, Fangang
Chemosphere 2018 v.207 pp. 655-664
adenosine triphosphate, anaerobic ammonium oxidation, biofilm, catalytic activity, electron transfer, hydrazine, microbial communities, nitrate reductase, nitrifying bacteria, protein synthesis, proteins, proteomics, ribosomal RNA, salinity, salt stress, sequence analysis
Anaerobic ammonium oxidation (ANAMMOX) processes can potentially be influenced by salinity related to variable salinity in water environment. Here, we used 16S rRNA sequencing analysis combining with iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomic approach to reveal the response of microbial community and functional proteins to salinity, which was increased from 0 to 20 g L⁻¹ with a step of 5 g L⁻¹ (designed as S5, S10, S15 and S20) compared to control reactor (without salinity stress desined as S0). The 16S rRNA sequencing analysis showed that a high salinity (20 g L⁻¹, S20) decreased the abundance of genus Candidatus Jettenia but increased that of Candidatus Kuenenia. A total of 1609 differentially expressed proteins were acquired in the three comparison groups (S5:S0, S20:S0 and S20:S5). Of these, 39 proteins co-occurred in the three salt-exposed samples. Hydrazine dehydrogenase (HDH; Q1PW30) and nitrate reductase (Q1PZD8) were up-regulated more than 3-folds in the exposure of 20 g-NaCl/L. The functional enrichment analysis further showed that some proteins responsible for ion binding, catalysis and oxidation-reduction reaction were up-regulated, which explained the physiological resilience of ANAMMOX bacteria under salinity stress. Additionally, ANAMMOX bacteria responded to salinity by modulating the electron transport systems, indicating that the cells retained a high potential for proton pumping, as well as the ATP production. Furthermore, the over-expression of HDH which associated with ANAMMOX metabolism, was potentially related to the increased abundance of halophilic Candidatus Kuenenia. These findings provide a comprehensive baseline for understanding the roles of salinity stresses in shaping the functional proteins of ANAMMOX bacteria.