Main content area

Curaua and eucalyptus nanofibers films by continuous casting: Mechanical and thermal properties

Claro, Pedro Ivo Cunha, Corrêa, Ana Carolina, de Campos, Adriana, Rodrigues, Vanessa Bolzan, Luchesi, Bruno Ribeiro, Silva, Luiz Eduardo, Mattoso, Luiz Henrique Capparelli, Marconcini, José Manoel
Carbohydrate polymers 2018 v.181 pp. 1093-1101
Eucalyptus, acid hydrolysis, anisotropy, cellulose, cellulose microfibrils, leaves, nanocrystals, nanofibers, pulp, sulfur, tensile strength, thermal properties
A wide variety of new green materials such as curaua leaf fibers (CLFs) has potential applications in nanotechnology. This study aims to investigate the thermomechanical properties and morphological structure of cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) and cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) films obtained by continuous casting. The CNCs were obtained by acid hydrolysis and CNFs by mechanical shearing from bleached CLFs and eucalyptus pulp. The morphology after continuous casting resulted in oriented nanofibers, and as a consequence there was mechanical anisotropy. CNCs films showed the greatest values of tensile strength (36±4MPa) and the more effective fibrillation provided better mechanical strength of eucalyptus CNFs films than curaua CNFs films. Sulfur groups and mechanical shear degradation affected the stability of CNCs and CNFs films, respectively. Thus, the type of nanostructure, the way they interact to each other, the cellulose source and the process interfere significantly on the properties of the films.