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Zinc Oxide-Enhanced Piezoelectret Polypropylene Microfiber for Mechanical Energy Harvesting

Zhu, Jianxiong, Zhu, Yali, Song, Weixing, Wang, Hui, Gao, Min, Cho, Minkyu, Park, Inkyu
ACS applied materials & interfaces 2018 v.10 no.23 pp. 19940-19947
electric generators, electric power, electrodes, energy conversion, light emitting diodes, polypropylenes, soot, zinc, zinc oxide
This paper reports zinc oxide (ZnO)-coated piezoelectret polypropylene (PP) microfibers with a structure of two opposite arc-shaped braces for enhanced mechanical energy harvesting. The ZnO film was coated onto PP microfibers via magnetron sputtering to form a ZnO/PP compound structure. Triboelectric Nanogenerator (TENG) based on ZnO/PP microfiber compound film was carefully designed with two opposite arc-shaped braces. The results of this study demonstrated that the mechanical energy collection efficiency of TENG based on piezoelectret PP microfiber was greatly enhanced by the coated ZnO and high-voltage corona charging method. We found that, with the step-increased distance of traveling for the movable carbon black electrode, an electrical power with an approximately quadratic function of distance was generated by this mechanical–electrical energy conversion, because more PP microfibers were connected to the electrode. Further, with a full contact condition, the peak of the generated voltage, current, and charges based on the ZnO/PP microfibers by this mechanical–electrical energy conversion with 1 m/s² reached 120 V, 3 μA, and 49 nC, respectively. Moreover, a finger-tapping test was used to demonstrate that the ZnO/PP microfiber TENG is capable of lighting eight light-emitting diodes.