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Thermosensitive Lipid Bilayer-Coated Mesoporous Carbon Nanoparticles for Synergistic Thermochemotherapy of Tumor

Li, Xian, Wang, Xiudan, Sha, Luping, Wang, Da, Shi, Wei, Zhao, Qinfu, Wang, Siling
ACS applied materials & interfaces 2018 v.10 no.23 pp. 19386-19397
bromides, carbon nanoparticles, confocal laser scanning microscopy, doxorubicin, irradiation, lipids, nanocomposites, neoplasm cells, neoplasms, phase transition, photostability, porous media, temperature, therapeutics
Thermochemotherapy exhibits a synergistic therapeutic efficiency for cancer, and the sensitivity of cancer cells to chemical drugs could be increased to a large extent at elevated temperature. In this work, a biocompatible nanocomposite thermosensitive mesoporous carbon nanoparticles (TSMCN) was prepared by covering a liposome on mesoporous carbon nanoparticles (MCN). The TSMCN had good photothermal efficiency and photostability. The doxorubicin (DOX)-loaded TSMCN (DOX/TSMCN) showed a slower release than the DOX-loaded MCN-COOH (DOX/MCN-COOH) both in simulated tumor environment and physiological environment. And release curves of DOX/TSMCN exposed to NIR laser exhibited the fast release property. The confocal laser scanning microscopy results illustrated that cellular uptake of DOX for DOX/TSMCN can be enhanced by NIR laser. The temperature of the tumor site reached up to 51.9 °C within 3 min after exposure to laser at 1.25 W/cm² power density, which is above the phase transition temperature (Tₘ) of liposome (40.7 °C). The biodistribution of DOX in vivo indicated that NIR laser can prolong the retardation time of DOX in the tumor site. The results of both 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide and antitumor efficiency elucidated that the DOX/TSMCN under NIR irradiation had a synergistic therapeutic effect for cancer. Thus, the TSMCN could be explored as a powerful nanoplatform that shows great prospect in thermochemotherapy of tumor therapy.