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Characterization of the pyrophosphate-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase from Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris

Frese, Marcel, Schatschneider, Sarah, Voss, Julia, Vorhölter, Frank-Jörg, Niehaus, Karsten
Archives of biochemistry and biophysics 2014 v.546 pp. 53-63
6-phosphofructokinase, Xanthomonadaceae, amino acid sequences, bioinformatics, crude protein, genes, genetic vectors, glucose, glycolysis, sequence analysis, xanthan gum
Xanthomonads are plant pathogenic proteobacteria that produce the polysaccharide xanthan. They are assumed to catabolize glucose mainly via the Entner–Doudoroff pathway. Whereas previous studies have demonstrated no phosphofructokinase (PFK) activity in xanthomonads, detailed genome analysis revealed in Xanthomonas campestris pathovar campestris (Xcc) genes for all Embden–Meyerhof–Parnas pathway (glycolysis) enzymes, including a conserved pfkA gene similar to 6-phosphofructokinase genes. To address this discrepancy between genetic and physiological properties, the pfkA gene of Xcc strain B100 was cloned into the expression vector pET28a+. The 45-kDa pfkA gene product exhibited no conventional PFK activity. Bioinformatic analysis of the Xcc PfkA amino acid sequence suggested utilization of pyrophosphate as an alternative cosubstrate. Pyrophosphate-dependent PFK activity was shown in an in vitro enzyme assay for purified Xcc PfkA, as well as in the Xcc B100 crude protein extract. Kinetic constants were determined for the forward and reverse reactions. Primary structure conservation indicates the global presence of similar enzymes among Xanthomonadaceae.