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The addition of inulin and Lactobacillus casei 01 in sheep milk ice cream

Balthazar, Celso F., Silva, Hugo L.A., Esmerino, Erick A., Rocha, Ramon S., Moraes, Jeremias, Carmo, Mariana A.V., Azevedo, Luciana, Camps, Ihosvany, K.D Abud, Yuri, Sant'Anna, Celso, Franco, Robson M., Freitas, Mônica Q., Silva, Marcia C., Raices, Renata S.L., Escher, Graziela B., Granato, Daniel, Senaka Ranadheera, C., Nazarro, Filomena, Cruz, Adriano G.
Food chemistry 2018 v.246 pp. 464-472
Lactobacillus casei, adhesion, alcohols, aldehydes, antioxidant activity, carboxylic acids, cell adhesion, color, cream, ewe milk, gastrointestinal system, human cell lines, ice cream, inulin, ketones, microstructure, probiotics, scanning electron microscopy, therapeutics, thermal analysis, viability, volatile compounds
The effect of the Lactobacillus casei 01 and inulin addition on sheep milk ice cream during storage (−18 °C, 150 days) was investigated. Control, probiotic and synbiotic ice cream (10% w/w sheep milk cream; 10% w/w sheep milk cream, L. casei 01, 6 log CFU/mL; 10% w/w inulin, L. casei 01, 6 log CFU/mL, respectively) were manufactured. Microbiological counts (probiotic count, survival after in vitro gastrointestinal resistance, Caco-2 cell adhesion), bioactivity and microstructure were analysed. Physical and textural characteristics, colour parameters, thermal analysis and organic acids/volatile compounds were also evaluated. All formulations supported L. casei 01 viability and maintained above the minimum therapeutic level (>6 log CFU/mL) during storage. Inulin did not affect L. casei 01 survival after the passage through simulated gastrointestinal tract and adhesion to Caco-2 cells while improved the ACE-inhibitory and antioxidant activity. L. casei 01 addition produced several volatile compounds, such as carboxylic acids, alcohols, aldehydes and ketones. Also, scanning electron microscopy showed an interaction between probiotic bacteria and inulin fibre on synbiotic ice cream and the adhesion of L. casei to Caco-2 cells was observed.