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Au–Se-Bond-Based Nanoprobe for Imaging MMP-2 in Tumor Cells under a High-Thiol Environment

Gao, Xiaonan, Jiang, Lulu, Hu, Bo, Kong, Fanpeng, Liu, Xiaojun, Xu, Kehua, Tang, Bo
Analytical chemistry 2018 v.90 no.7 pp. 4719-4724
biosensors, chemical bonding, fluorescence, glutathione, gold, image analysis, in vivo studies, metalloproteinases, nanogold, neoplasm cells, thermal stability, thiols
The gold nanosensors based on the Au–S bond have been widely applied to biochemical detections. However, signal distortion caused by biothiols has been seldom mentioned and urgently needs to be solved. Herein, we designed a novel but easily assembled gold nanoprobe by coupling a selenol-modified peptide with FITC onto the gold nanoparticle’s surface via an Au–Se bond for fluorescence imaging of a tumor marker matrix, metalloproteinases 2 (MMP-2). Compared to the Au–S probes, the Au–Se probes display high thermal stability and a very good anti-interference ability toward glutathione under simulated physiological conditions. More importantly, the Au–Se nanoprobe exhibits a high-fidelity fluorescent signal toward MMP-2, effectively avoiding interference caused by high levels of thiol compounds in vivo. In addition, in vivo experiments further proved that no significant signal intensity change for the tumor cells treated by the Au–Se probes was observed before and after eliminating glutathione. Hence, we believe such Au–Se probes with in vivo glutathione interfering resistance offer new routes and perspectives in biology and medicine in the future.