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Bimodal Electrochemiluminescence of G-CNQDs in the Presence of Double Coreactants for Ascorbic Acid Detection
- Wang, Huan, Pu, Guiqiang, Devaramani, Samrat, Wang, Yanfeng, Yang, Zhaofan, Li, Linfang, Ma, Xiaofang, Lu, Xiaoquan
- Analytical chemistry 2018 v.90 no.7 pp. 4871-4877
- ascorbic acid, blood serum, bromides, carbon nitride, electrochemiluminescence, graphene, humans, potassium persulfate, quantum dots, tetrabutylammonium compounds
- How to improve the accuracy of target detection substance in low-content and complex of real sample, which is still a major challenge in the analysis field. There is no doubt that the internal standard method is the best choice in the analysis methods. The internal standard method of ECL strategy can furnish more accurate detection results in the changeable complex environment, and it can dispel the primary vaguest interference in the system through the self-calibration of two emission spectra. Herein, we effectually explored a strong and stable bimodal ECL system based on graphitic carbon nitride quantum dots (g-CNQDs) as single luminophore in the presence of double coreactants potassium persulfate (K₂S₂O₈) and tetrabutylammonium bromide (TBAB) under the optimized conditions. ECL-1 at 2.82 V and ECL-2 at 1.73 V were observed when the potential was scanned between −3 and 3 V at the scan rate of 0.2 V·s–¹. The ECL-1 was responding to the analyte, that is, ascorbic acid (AA) and the ECL-2 was not for a certain concentration of AA; hence, the developed bimodal ECL system was used as internal standard method for quantitative AA in human serum due to the different sensitivity of the double-peak ECL signals to the target analytes. The linear relationships were obtained based on the ln I (ECL-1/ECL-2) against the concentration of AA in the concentration range of 3.5 to 330 nM, with a detection limit of 110 pM (S/N = 3).