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Analysis of differentially expressed genes in response to endogenous cytokinins during cotton leaf senescence

Zhao, P., Zhang, N., Yin, Z. J., Liu, Y. D., Shen, F. F.
Biologia plantarum 2013 v.57 no.3 pp. 425-432
cotton, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, ethylene, messenger RNA, sequence analysis, biosynthesis, Gossypium hirsutum, transgenic plants, gene expression, cytokinins, genes, antioxidant activity, gene expression regulation, databases, leaves
Cytokinins have been implicated in delaying leaf senescence. We previously generated transgenic cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) plants that harbor the Agrobacterium isopentenyl transferase gene (ipt) directed by a proteinase gene promoter. Here, we report that mRNAs were isolated from ipt cotton leaves and azygous leaves and were subsequently sequenced using Illumina Solexa technology. The sequence tags were searched against the TIGR database and the related gene expression profiles were compared resulting in the identification of 1 218 differentially expressed genes (DEGs): 719 up-regulated and 499 down-regulated. Analyzing the DEGs in the ipt cotton leaves showed that these genes belonged to four pathways: flavone biosynthesis, arginine and proline metabolism, glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism, and RNA degradation. These pathways increased the activities of antioxidants, inhibited the effect of ethylene, and prevented degradation of macromolecules during senescence. The expression patterns of 17 genes were evaluated by real-time PCR and results were in agreement with the patterns of sequencing analysis. The identification of the DEGs may help us to understand a role of cytokinins in leaf senescence.