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Magnesium deficiency-induced changes in organic acid metabolism of Citrus sinensis roots and leaves

L.T. Yang, G.H. Yang, X. You, C.P. Zhou, Y.B. Lu, L.S. Chen
Biologia plantarum 2013 v.57 no.3 pp. 481-486
Citrus sinensis, aconitate hydratase, citrate (si)-synthase, citrates, leaves, magnesium, magnesium sulfate, malate dehydrogenase, malates, metabolism, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase, pyruvate kinase, roots
Organic acid (OA) metabolisms are of fundamental importance but very limited data are available on the responses of plant OA metabolisms to Mg-deficiency. Seedlings of Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck cv. Xuegan were irrigated with Mg-deficient (0, 50, or 500 μM MgSO₄) or Mg-sufficient (2000 μM MgSO₄) nutrient solution every other day for 12 weeks. Thereafter, we investigated the content of Mg, malate, and citrate as well as the activities of acidmetabolizing enzymes in roots and leaves. Root malate content remained stable except for an increase in the highest Mg content and root citrate content increased with increasing root Mg content. As leaf Mg content increased, leaf malate and malate + citrate content decreased whereas leaf citrate content increased. Mg-deficiency decreased or did not affect activities of citrate synthase (CS), aconitase (ACO), phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC), NADP-isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP-IDH), NAD-malate dehydrogenase (NAD-MDH), NADP-malic enzyme (NADP-ME), and pyruvate kinase (PK) in roots, whereas phosphoenolpyruvate phosphatase (PEPP) activity slightly increased. In contrast, Mg-deficient leaves had higher or similar activities of enzymes above mentioned except PEPP, NAD-MDH, and NADP-ME. In conclusion, both glycolysis and tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle may be up-regulated in Mg-deficient leaves but down-regulated in Mg-deficient roots.