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Spatial distribution and speciation of copper in root tips of cucumber revealed by μ-XRF and μ-XANES

Author:
J. Song, Y. Q. Yang, S. H. Zhu, G. C. Chen, X. F. Yuan, T. T. Liu, X. H. Yu, J. Y. Shi
Source:
Biologia plantarum 2013 v.57 no.3 pp. 581-586
ISSN:
0006-3134
Subject:
Cucumis sativus, X-radiation, absorption, biotransformation, cell walls, chemical speciation, citrates, copper, cucumbers, cytoplasm, fluorescence, meristems, root cap, root tips
Abstract:
The localization, biotransformation, and chemical speciation of copper in root tips of cucumber (Cucumis sativus) were investigated using synchrotron-based micro X-ray fluorescence (μ-XRF) and micro X-ray absorption near edge structure (μ-XANES). The highest content of Cu was found in root cap and meristematic zone whereas low Cu content in elongation and maturation zone. There was a dramatic increase of Cu content in root cap and meristematic zone after treatment with 100 μM CuSO₄ for 72 h. The μ-XANES analysis revealed that most of Cu in root tip was bound with alginate, citrate, and cysteine-like ligands whereas rarely deposited in form of CuO. From root cap to maturation zone, the proportion of Cu bound with alginate-like ligands increased whereas that bound with citrate-like ligands decreased. The proportion of Cu bound with cysteine-like ligands increased from root cap to elongation zone but sharply declined in maturation zone. The results suggested that Cu was chelated by S ligands in the cell walls which protect protoplasm against possible damage caused by Cu excess.
Agid:
599024