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Poly(ionic liquid) immobilized magnetic nanoparticles as new adsorbent for extraction and enrichment of organophosphorus pesticides from tea drinks A

Zheng, Xiaoyan, He, Lijun, Duan, Yajing, Jiang, Xiuming, Xiang, Guoqiang, Zhao, Wenjie, Zhang, Shusheng
Journal of chromatography 2014 v.1358 pp. 39-45
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, adsorbents, adsorption, chromatography, copolymerization, desorption, detection limit, fenthion, ionic liquids, ionic strength, magnetism, nanoparticles, parathion, phoxim, solid phase extraction, tea (beverage), temephos, transmission electron microscopy
New poly(ionic liquid) immobilized magnetic nanoparticles (PIL-MNPs) were synthesized via co-polymerization of 1-vinyl-3-hexylimidazolium-based ionic liquid and vinyl-modified magnetic particles and were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and magnetic measurements. The PIL-MNPs were utilized as adsorbent phases in magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE). The extraction and enrichment efficiency were evaluated by using four organophosphorus pesticides (parathion, fenthion, phoxim and temephos) as test analytes. Various parameters, such as amount of adsorbent, adsorption time, desorption solvent and time, and ionic strength were investigated. The proposed method showed good linearity for the analytes in the concentration range of 1–200μgL⁻¹ with a correlation coefficient (R)>0.9963. Low limit of detection of 0.01μgL⁻¹ and high enrichment factors ranging from 84 to 161 were achieved. The proposed method has been successfully used to determine organophosphorus pesticides from three tea drink samples with satisfactory recovery of 81.4–112.6% and RSDs of 4.5–11.3%. The PIL-MNP adsorbent can be reused for 20 times without a noticeable decrease in extraction efficiency.