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Accentuation of ursolic acid on muscarinic receptor-induced ANP secretion in beating rabbit atria

Kim, Hye Yoom, Choi, Hye Ran, Lee, Yun Jung, Cui, Hao Zhen, Jin, Song Nan, Cho, Kyung Woo, Kang, Dae Gill, Lee, Ho Sub
Life sciences 2014 v.94 no.2 pp. 145-150
atrial natriuretic peptide, beta-adrenergic agonists, body fluids, cyclic AMP, homeostasis, isoproterenols, rabbits, secretion, ursolic acid
Ursolic acid has recently been reported to increase both atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) secretion and mechanical dynamics in rabbit atria.The present study was designed to clarify the regulatory effects of ursolic acid on the β-adrenergic or muscarinic receptor-mediated changes in ANP secretory and contractile function allowing measurement of atrial dynamics such as pulse pressure, stroke volume, and cAMP efflux in isolated perfused beating rabbit atria.Pretreatment with ursolic acid significantly attenuated the isoproterenol (β-adrenergic agonist)-induced decrease in ANP secretion and increases in cAMP levels and atrial dynamics. Interestingly, ursolic acid concentration-dependently accentuated the acetylcholine-induced increase in ANP secretion and decrease in pulse pressure in the presence of isoproterenol (p<0.001). These findings indicate that acetylcholine-induced increase in ANP secretion is potentiated by ursolic acid; furthermore, acetylcholine-induced decrease in atrial dynamics is also potentiated by ursolic acid, suggesting that ursolic acid regulates muscarinic receptor-mediated secretory and contractile responses in perfused beating rabbit atria.This implicates for the beneficial effects of ursolic acid in the regulation of cardiovascular and body fluid homeostasis.