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Rapid visual detection of quaternary ammonium surfactants using citrate-capped silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) based on hydrophobic effect
- Zheng, Li-Qing, Yu, Xiao-Dong, Xu, Jing-Juan, Chen, Hong-Yuan
- Talanta 2014 v.118 pp. 90-95
- cationic surfactants, color, colorimetry, disinfectants, hydrophobicity, nanosilver, quaternary ammonium compounds, ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy
- In this work, a rapid, sensitive and low-cost colorimetric method for detection of quaternary ammonium surfactants using citrate-capped silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) was developed. The quaternary ammonium surfactants induce the aggregation of Ag NPs through the hydrophobic effect, which is a novel aggregation mechanism of Ag NPs. The addition of cationic surfactant results in color change of Ag NPs solution from yellow to red and finally to colorless, which is due to the broadening of the surface plasmon band. The color change was monitored using a UV–vis spectrophotometer. The LOD of different cationic surfactants was in the range of 0.5–5µM. More importantly, this detection method was successfully utilized to the disinfectant residual sample.