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A Remote-Sensing Driven Tool for Estimating Crop Stress and Yields

Author:
Mishra, Vikalp, Cruise, James F., Mecikalski, John R., Hain, Christopher R., Anderson, Martha C.
Source:
Remote Sensing 2013 v.5 no.7 pp. 3331
ISSN:
2072-4292
Subject:
Zea mays, atmospheric precipitation, corn, crop yield, decision support systems, energy balance, gauges, irrigation, plant stress, prediction, radar, rainfed farming, remote sensing, rhizosphere, satellites, simulation models, soil water, soil water content, Alabama
Abstract:
Biophysical crop simulation models are normally forced with precipitation data recorded with either gauges or ground-based radar. However, ground-based recording networks are not available at spatial and temporal scales needed to drive the models at many critical places on earth. An alternative would be to employ satellite-based observations of either precipitation or soil moisture. Satellite observations of precipitation are currently not considered capable of forcing the models with sufficient accuracy for crop yield predictions. However, deduction of soil moisture from space-based platforms is in a more advanced state than are precipitation estimates so that these data may be capable of forcing the models with better accuracy. In this study, a mature two-source energy balance model, the Atmosphere Land Exchange Inverse (ALEXI) model, was used to deduce root zone soil moisture for an area of North Alabama, USA. The soil moisture estimates were used in turn to force the state-of-the-art Decision Support System for Agrotechnology Transfer (DSSAT) crop simulation model. The study area consisted of a mixture of rainfed and irrigated cornfields. The results indicate that the model forced with the ALEXI moisture estimates produced yield simulations that compared favorably with observed yields and with the rainfed model. The data appear to indicate that the ALEXI model did detect the soil moisture signal from the mixed rainfed/irrigation corn fields and this signal was of sufficient strength to produce adequate simulations of recorded yields over a 10 year period.
Agid:
59945
Handle:
10113/59945