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Interaction of salicylic acid and ethylene and their effects on some physiological and biochemical parameters in canola plants (Brassica napus L.)

Tirani, M. M., Nasibi, F., Kalantari, Kh. M.
Photosynthetica 2013 v.51 no.3 pp. 411-418
Brassica napus, anthocyanins, ascorbic acid, canola, carotenoids, chlorophyll, dehydroascorbic acid, drought, ethylene, ethylene production, heat, induced resistance, leaves, lipid peroxidation, oxidative stress, plant damage, salicylic acid, salinity
Environmental stresses, such as cold, heat, salinity, and drought, induce ethylene production and oxidative stress and cause damage in plants. On the other hand, studies have shown that salicylic acid (SA) induced resistance to environmental stresses in plants. In this research, the effects of ethylene on chlorophyll (Chl), carotenoid (Car), anthocyanin, flavonoids, ascorbic acid, dehydroascorbic acid, total ascorbate, lipid peroxidation, and ethylene production in leaves of canola pretreated with SA were studied. The plants were grown in pots until they have four leaves. Leaves were sprayed for two days with three different concentrations of SA (0, 0.5, and 1 mM). The plants were treated for three days with three concentrations of ethylene (0, 50, and 100 ppm). At the end of the ethylene treatments, all examined parameters were measured. The results showed that the ethylene treatments induced lipid peroxidation, while SA mitigated this effect. The ethylene treatment lowered significantly Chl and Car contents and anthocyanin accumulation, but SA alleviated these effects. SA induced an increase in ascorbic acid content in canola plants after the ethylene treatments. Therefore, we concluded that SA played an important role in the alleviation of damages caused by stress conditions.