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Partial and total replacement of fishmeal by a blend of animal and plant proteins in diets for Seriola dumerili: Effects on performance and nutrient efficiency

R. Monge‐Ortiz, A. Tomás‐Vidal, F.J. Gallardo‐Álvarez, G. Estruch, S. Godoy‐Olmos, M. Jover‐Cerdá, S. Martínez‐Llorens
Aquaculture nutrition 2018 v.24 no.4 pp. 1163-1174
Seriola dumerili, animals, antinutritional factors, corn gluten, diet, digestibility, digestible energy, digestible protein, energy intake, essential amino acids, feed conversion, feed intake, fish meal, ingredients, juveniles, krill, meat meal, mortality, protein content, protein efficiency ratio, protein intake
A 154‐day trial was performed to assess the use of an alternative protein blend (corn gluten, krill and meat meal) as a substitute for fishmeal in diets for juvenile yellowtail, using four isolipidic (140 g/kg) and isoenergetic diets (24 MJ/kg) with the same digestible protein content (50%). The control diet was FM100, without replacement, and in FM66, FM33 and FM0, fishmeal was replaced at 33 g/kg, 66 g/kg and 100 g/kg, respectively. At the end of the experiment, no differences in growth parameters were observed. Fish fed the FM0 diet exhibited the lowest survival (23%). This high mortality may be due to different factors, such as a dietary amino acid imbalance or some antinutrient factors contained in the alternative ingredients. Feed intake, feed conversion ratio, digestible protein intake and protein efficiency ratio were similar in all diets. However, digestible energy intake and protein efficiency retention were lowest in fish fed the FM0 diet. Apparent digestibility coefficients for protein, energy and amino acids diminished as a substitution for fishmeal increased. Significant differences were observed in the diet whole‐fish body profile amino acid retention (AAR) ratio for the seven essential amino acids. In summary, total fishmeal replacement by the blend assayed was not feasible for yellowtail. The FM66 diet resulted in good growth, high survival and good nutrient efficiency.