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Carbon and nitrogen mineralization in Vertisol as mediated by type and placement method of residue

Jat, R L, Jha, Pramod, Dotaniya, M L, Lakaria, B L, Rashmi, I, Meena, B P, Shirale, A O, Meena, A L
Environmental monitoring and assessment 2018 v.190 no.7 pp. 439
Cicer arietinum, Glycine max, Triticum aestivum, Vertisols, Zea mays, agricultural land, biomass, carbon, chickpeas, corn, crop residues, environmental health, environmental quality, guidelines, mineralization, nitrogen, soybeans, wheat
Selection of appropriate residue application method is essential for better use of biomass for soil and environmental health improvement. A laboratory incubation experiment was conducted for 75 days to investigate C and N mineralization of residues of soybean (Glycine max L.), chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), maize (Zea mays L.), and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) placed on the soil surface and incorporated into the soil. The residue of soybean and chickpea had a greater decomposition rate than that of maize and wheat, despite of their placements. Higher rate of decomposition of the residue of soybean and chickpea was recorded when it was kept on the soil surface while soil incorporation of residue of wheat and maize resulted in faster decomposition. Therefore, these findings could be used as guidelines for management of crop residue application in farmland to improve soil and environmental quality.