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A comparative study of the maximum power point tracking methods for PV systems

Liu, Yali, Li, Ming, Ji, Xu, Luo, Xi, Wang, Meidi, Zhang, Ying
Energy conversion and management 2014 v.85 pp. 809-816
algorithms, simulation models, solar collectors, solar radiation, temperature
Maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithms play an important role in the optimization of the power and efficiency of a photovoltaic (PV) generation system. According to the contradiction of the classical Perturb and Observe (P&Oa) method between the corresponding speed and the tracking accuracy on steady-state, an improved P&O (P&Ob) method has been put forward in this paper by using the Atken interpolation algorithm. To validate the correctness and performance of the proposed method, simulation and experimental study have been implemented. Simulation models of classical P&Oa method and improved P&Ob method have been established by MATLAB/Simulink to analyze each technique under varying solar irradiation and temperature. The experimental results show that the tracking efficiency of P&Ob method is an average of 93% compared to 72% for P&Oa method, this conclusion basically agree with the simulation study. Finally, we proposed the applicable conditions and scope of these MPPT methods in the practical application.