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Impact of N2 dilution on combustion and emissions in a spark ignition CNG engine

Wang, Zhongshu, Zuo, Hongbin, Liu, Zhongchang, Li, Weifeng, Dou, Huili
Energy conversion and management 2014 v.85 pp. 354-360
carbon monoxide, combustion, emissions, energy use and consumption, heat, natural gas, nitrogen, nitrogen oxides
In order to reduce NOx (nitrogen oxides) emissions, N2 (nitrogen) was introduced as dilution gas to dilute mixture with a specially-designed injection device. The impacts of varying N2 DR (dilution ratio) on the combustion and the exhaust emissions were investigated, including engine heat release rate, indicator diagram, NOx, CO (carbon monoxide), THC (total hydrocarbon) emissions and so on. For this study, a modified 6.6L CNG (compressed natural gas) engine was tested and N2 was injected into the end of intake manifold by a specially-designed device. The results showed that N2 dilution has a significant influence on the combustion and the exhaust emissions. With the rise of N2 DR, the maximum of pressure in cylinder and the maximum of heat release rate exhibited decrease trends, the centre of heat release curve showed a moving backward tendency. Higher N2 DR exhibited lower NOx (17–81%) emissions, but higher emissions of THC (3–78%) and CO (1–28%). The change of BSFC (brake specific fuel consumption) can be ignored with N2 DR no more than 167%. Satisfactory results can be obtained, with lower NOx (31%) emissions, lower BSFC (0.5%), and relatively higher THC (6%) and CO (1%) emissions, when N2 DR is 67%.